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Historically Humans have been expanding on the idea, of known and unknown conciousness, with the expansion of our Universal V knowledge ever-so, invisible realm. I have documented and collected, such a variety of compelling evidence, so to, I may attempt to support my original statement, simultaneously I aim, to create the dipiction, of a more open demeanour when we approach the topic.
Conclusively, the reward of curiosity, in time; stands as justified, the age old debt repaid in it's entirety.
Masking conflict, where applicable, the automatic reminder of our glorious foresight; the very stimuli, that when acted upon, insists the benefits that arise, when ones emotional range is vunerable to challenge. As is similarly, the initial emotional response, taking formation as inconceivable, as the gulleys of the forefront, for an ever-continuing trend. As deep as understanding allows us to venture, our abilities to explore, working as a most compelling enabler of the investigation skills we possess, are the very charming tactics that will reach as far as the depth of our knowledge. When we return from our own mission of scientific evaluation, we will have gathered all the necessary and appropriate advantages, mainly thanks to the implementation of a subtle, empowering salvation. When we start to adapt to a different contemplation tactic; the idea of wholesome and realistic developments in the very near future will have a chain reaction making us a consciousness that is given the decision and access to the necessary resources if one wishes to make the shift in his or her very own attitude; as is the appraisal of this good fortune, our own connection to learning will come with a range of customisable vices accessed directly by the customer for their preferrence as a vindictive. This flow and sponge like bond between the brain, will, create the very chain reaction that specifically implements the very Harmonious compounds involved in the deliberation that occurrs; proudly constituting your balance, mindfulness and a willingness to keep the knowledge flowing within the urge for a free and continuous accessibility. Setting off the very hammer of strength, which will focus on a direct and total breakdown of any and all relevant barriers.
For any amount of resourceful material; a given prerequisite will secure, a necessary guarantying, however the intended statistics when literally enduring within a prompt and positive rebirth of the appropriation when dealing with the outlook on our interpersonal acceptance. A totalitarian level of trust and confidence can just encourage us to create a definitive reliability in the authenticity of our abilities to share knowledge, provided that a measurement between our responsivness and the relay period measured by an eventual or necessary influx in the attention spam of humanity.
If the levels studied happen to remain, an active and full-scale productivity there is no doubt the information will be accessible on level beyond the scope of our frequency and consistency; reshaping the speed of life forever, like an abundanct leeway for the freedom of our figurative representations.
Our state of attentiveness, simplified further through the original impact of our diverseness amongst interactions; is a specifically motivator that will happen to target the levels of potential power we could be possessing. We must understand; within our brains there is a direct link and relationship amongst our individual electrochemical, makeup and funny enough the relationship that spawned, between; what it is specifically, we are so driven by, but moreso the conquering force, allowing us to embrace and practice, a wholistic and non-toxic approach. It is often made apparent, when we make the ironic discover of our own absolute reinterpretation of an idea for a new outlook.
Sometimes, it can be a travesty, in particular a hurt feeling that affects the overall opinion or grievance to our own souls. Expanding on this one small flaw in our code is when we specific allow information that wasn't actually presented, or for instance, taken and show to us in a mistakenly unrecognisable way. Comparing this to our initial outcome or response to whatever it may be. We can now take note, on the difference in the ways that our brain directly, separates critical or key information, from misleading, or the unimportant outliers amongst the information!
For us beforehand, we are processing all of this data so rapidly, we oftentimes set ourselves up for one possible outcome; often in favour of comfort or relativeness between what you already know. This often creates an angst that are so vunerable to. We make a quick and definite response, whilst utilising the things we already know as a guide for our perception of the scale of importance. We begin the march of pride when we are wrong, often to show others and ourselves that we will be ready to triumph over any failure. Allowing ourselves to breakaway the very guarganuan feeling of the lust for an eternity of correct data analysis or a competitive edge that drives us to the ability or ecstaticness of always being right.
Perhaps it is our personal desires, dispersed in and throughout, the softness of our timid personalities. Emploring far and wide the responses on hand when we get intertwined within our personal complexities of understanding.
Allowing your full commitment to life, can work actively and be the habitual flare, that is needed to take on, the duty of consistency within your own priorities or responsibilities. To have pride and let alone uphold the single expectation made regarding your image or personality derived from the equation of your binary code. This is the backbone of of your very being.
Ask yourself as a reminder; could the level of account I have, within the indifferences of every single thing working through each other, be the scale on which the ego is measured? Is that simply, just as relevant to my life or my attunement to peace, be the fire of confidence within me? Am I my fullest potential and manifesting the best possible version of myself? Here and now, am I the difference between love and a simple manipulation of the simple task of refinement. Whatever you believe, one thing is certain, you are a thinker. A learner ready to explore, the faculties of the initiative taken when educating yourself as well as a balance in ones ability to teach and share informati
Essentially, please take this spirit encouragement resource how you may.
I know that it is a gift from my heart to inspire the better good in others.
It's gift of my own thoughts, that this is a reasoned to be deemed acceptable recentering point for all, allowing the choices that are to be made exactly when your starting point for a new collectiveness begins. That is all based on and around the ideas of love, pride and the new and fresh, infinite outlook you can begin to implement from today.
Let's reflect inside ourselves and focus today, on channelling the required energy not just to shape but to industrialise on what has already been built. We commit to this unhinged lifestyle surrounding a modern ever so vibrant; vibrational society, based on what we already practice as the intelligent socialist nature blessed with the greatness of modern technical power. Throughout our lives our communication stands as our beacon and that expression that comes is such a fantastic vantage point, for the fulfillment of the ever so raw and divine, understanding we spread; around the world, today and so forth.
Let's have no limit to possible outlooks and compell ourselves to be accepted as we too appreciate our brother and sisters ability to form the connection of intellectual love. Let's have patience and time for the thoughts expressed amongst ourselves or even whispers gone unheard, we will be creating endless matter with the added bonus of knowing we are expanding further and further. As an example of our strength as initiatives we take, let's celebrate and create more of what has not been blueprinted yet.
Within the vast cultures and societies that represent, such a golden diverse age of connection and mutuality. Be the truly unique people of every walk of life to be our leaders. Do not stress or worry where they're from or what their world has taught them, showed or even morphed them into. Let them stand equal and have a chance just as you have the opportunities, that come and go, allow this to motivate you to become better than you have ever been. Every time you embark on this unknown adventure of life.
Even mostly underrated or even overexploited topics should be raised to the awareness of every single child, if not adolescent and not to mention every single grown adult, encourage them to recalibrate their compass. Give them the strength to test the boundaries of comfort and commitment they know so well.
Every thought leads us to our ultimate destiny; our ultimate ego, and especially our best highest levels of awareness encased within this conscious mind, growing body and loving spirit.
For every idea , let there be a convoy of gun-hoe supporters ready to receive the intended appointed perspective and allow this to act as a condition of interest. Pioneering throughout on unknown open paths be ready for an explanation of the convictions justified. Then and at this point only, will be the undermining and insignificant pawn; serve as a competitor, in the race against every new replicated form of intelligence, in no time become totally responsible for the soiling and destruction of our innocent repour we've built around the ideas of honesty or trust, in relation to the terms and conditions dividing a genuine person from a computer.
With the reigns of which, the unjust manipulation of control and order that holds us back, we will be kept as prisoners to the grasping hand of socialsm or falling victim to a single communal state of mind.
All will be that of beneficial as gained. Solemnly reserved, will be made an accessable feat for any who encompasses a willingness to open their mind, to all possibility that one can imagine. No matter how ridiculed. The one's choosing to jojn a collective that simply have the faith tied to believe. These entities or matter whom perused, are the forces that coincide, within the Nether Land or simply, the ever-restricted parallels of our world.
These non-physical and teemingly, undiscoverable lands, so imaginable although, apparent, have been an almost religious based topic.
Nonetheless, this cannot and with good reason; does not at all, create a deflection against the simple FACT, that this ideology, has almost always played a key role within our society. It has been an interest to those kinds of philosophers including the industry of the creatives. Intriguing idea, or simply an old wives tale, whatever the stance you take we must take initiative and go forth with the task of supporting our underlying beliefs with no limitations projected onto whomever invest.
We may make the efforts with a bigger outcome of the ablation of the new divergence hiding behind the unmistakable and tireless fathoms of life.
Eventually, we will piece together and decode, the unlimited amount of evidence that is out there. Ironically it is just tucked away in secret, but always visible only with those who inhabit the abilities of astral projection within their surroundings. The new thought processes, established respectively as power for the endeavourer and encourages the abilities, a thus established forevermore as an entirely indifferent type of society that will roll out when the god-like super-generation, will advances so powerful, the idea of thought seems like it was a prototype of a higher vibrational outlook. throughoutos, enabling us the functionality, to deploy a full replacement of any confusion made as a disposition within the embroidery of our own sufferance.
An influential, curiosity deep within our experience of the gift of human spirit will never leave a question unanswered... Here as a reader of this source you found yourself to come across, I encourage you to simply start your inquest with our dear information database we refer to as the holy one and only Google. Therefore, getting to the significance around this, sacred strain of thought that has impacted man.
Allows you to speak figuratively, for this common belief or imaginary representation has been the very essence of our comprehensive density of matter and space.
This could however, be based on another world that has been existing within our own, as an independent and eternal place. Full of other being, perhaps it has formed a tedious, as well as significant connection to our mother sacred. Not only would this theory provide the explanations of the unknown that has ties surrounding our societies experience of the phenomenon around us. When we realise, our truths all as well connected, run throughout the human experience without the refractor causing disruption (at which point a step for discovery is recognised simply by its temporary unattainable legitimacy, often due to our little access to power explaining this... or even just the embodiment of our vibrational energy as a negative magnetic force keeping us away for our ultimate good) the world we pretend we can keep avoiding will swallow us whole if not for our conservationalist and protecters of the natural world. Consequently, this is mostly regarding the constant, not to mention deliberate invocation that has been placed; as a somewhat, futuristic yet appropriate approach.
It is such a thoughtful idea to dwell upon, that I personally, can make no sense when it is so blatantly obvious. Whenever this manifestation occurs I call it the language of a completely nonsensical, communicae as translated through a binary time code.
I have only ever received the so called correspondence, at random intervals.
A point in the continuum that comes without any warning or reminder for me to look at the numbers on the screen but simply to recognise that I was meant to witness each symbol as a plead for response.
Intriguingly, the time and date presented through the multitude of doubled or trippled numbers in sequence, does not restrict the display of sequences even extending to quadrants. Simply, shown at an exact point in time where my collective thoughts we're so unbiased and pure. Related to the vibrational influence, that a positive mindset has on the environment, or surrounds, shortly after can manifest miraculously into the thoughts that are to indicate that one is allowed room for growth. Intiating becomings and affirmations more complex and in the interest of a realigned and strengthened relationship with mother earth.
If not from responses due to a stimulated thought pattern, then a default would be that repition had been used strategically, to engage in this simple means of contact.
In honesty it has spooked me, although heath my world, when I reassure you, this is merely an interpretation of the powerful messages I've made to reflect a possibility of an educated observation or "theory" FOR MY OWN REFLECTION within my journey.
I encourage you to make a relevant connection to the Non-Physical World. We are possessing the ability to draw the full attention of my mind to the present moment, with that the enteties are able to feel the vibrations of a fully aware state of mind.
They have adapted to the communication of the 21st century. Through a highly complex but almost skeptical form of messaging, these intellectual codes give time and numerical symbols an almost meaningful position in the universe we know.
Be aware of the pattern of time that is forever imbedded within your for eternity. Take reference of it's repetitive behaviour or numerical alignments as you embark through the journey of life throughout.
5 WTF snaps from the Comedy Animal Photo Awards
The Comedy Wildlife Photography Awards (yes, that's a thing) are back once again, showcasing candid shots of the funniest critters on the World Wild Web.
So good are some of these snaps, it's almost as if the animals knew the brief. From peekaboo eagles to ballet-dancing ants, and friendly polar bears to snowball-flinging monkeys, the most comedic scenes from the animal kingdom are all here.
Kick-started last year to help raise cash and awareness for conservation efforts in a lighthearted way, you can enjoy a handful of 2016's funniest shots below before heading over to the CWPA website to LOL at the rest of the entries
Is it a bird? Is it a plane? No, it's a 'peli-can't catch a fish to save his life'
*Plays 'The Great Escape' theme tune* © Nicolas De Vaulx/Comedy Wildlife Photo 2016
That feeling when you forgot something important
"Shit. Did I leave the iron on?" © Barb D'Arpino/Comedy Wildlife Photo 2016
Oh yeah. Laugh it up
"You want a funny photo? Owl handle it." © Edward Kopeschny/Comedy Wildlife Photo 2016
Who needs hand-eye coordination anyway?
"Oh yeah, this is awkward for you, huh?" - fish © Rob Kroenert/Comedy Wildlife Photo 2016
That's a bad day in the office
"Hey, Dave, I'm taking the rest of the day off." © Tom Stables/Comedy Wildlife Photo 2016
Check out the rest of the entries to this year's competition right here.
32 important life lessons from 32 years
Sometimes so many questions accumulate in your head that you just have to find a way to release them. Olesya Novikova, a writer, journalist, blogger, and traveller, recently shared the life lessons which she has discovered over the 32 years of her life so far.Everyone has a fear. Even beautiful, talented, smart, and lucky people. We’re scared to start something new, to go out of our comfort zone, to take a risk, to do something that we never done before. We fear for our families, for our jobs, for our life, and for many other things as well. Fear will always exist. No matter how much experience, confidence, recognition, money or talent you have, you’ll be scared to a greater or lesser degree each time when you conquer a new height or do something new. But this is fine. This means you’re still alive. You have to keep going on. Go through and past your fear, and don’t try to get rid of it.
Changes will keep happening. Stability is illusory. We’re constantly on the move. We keep changing — outwardly and inwardly, and these processes don’t stop even for a second. A sane person doesn’t have the chance to pose the question — to change or not to change? He or she can only answer a different one: ’’Do I have control over these changes that are taking place, and to what extent?’’
’’Quickly’’ means ’’slowly, but without interruption.’’ There’s no need to do something quickly, intensely, or forcefully. Just do it regularly. The most important thing is to keep the rhythm going. Do it little by little, but constantly. And after some time, if you look at it from the outside, it will look like you did it quickly and efficiently.
Create more than you consume.Otherwise, you’ll be left with only a hopeless consumer lifestyle leading to no meaningful conclusion. ’’Everything is good, but there’s nothing good’’. A person must always create something, willingly and with love. This is a formula for good mental health. Curiously, this is the only way to enjoy the pleasure of consumption that won’t destroy the pleasure itself. You can consider this process as a spiritual version of having good metabolism.
Today’’ is what you did and thought yesterday, and ’’tomorrow’’ is what you do and think today. Repeat this phrase like a mantra for as long as you realize that no one else is responsible for the problems you come up against.
There are no guarantees at all. This is a basic rule of the universe which you need to take into account when making all your decisions and preparing all your plans.
The era of sacred knowledge is over.Now, it’s the era of informational hygiene. For several years already, knowledge hasn’t helped any of us achieve anything or attain a meaningful existence. The internet has devalued knowledge. The ability to concentrate on a given task without losing interest is now more important. And this skill is directly affected by the storm of information battering your mind at any given moment. The more verbal ’’garbage’’ is around, the weaker your concentration becomes. The more the thoughts of others circulate in your mind, the harder it is to hear your own voice. The online stream of information weakens your ability to discover yourself.
Joy and pleasure are not the same thing. We never experience real joy while eating a chocolate cake, drinking a glass of wine or smoking a cigarette. We don’t experience joy while buying new shoes or perfume. Let’s call things by their proper names — in these cases, we just get pleasure. And that’s another story. By its nature this feeling is very short-lived, and it’s inextricably linked to further dissatisfaction, boredom, satiety, and the desire for a new portion of pleasure. Don’t be afraid to give up pleasures, be afraid not to experience real joy.Suffering exists. Buddha was right after all.
Suffering exists. Everybody suffers. Both those who have nothing and those who have everything. Those who don’t suffer in the present will make the transition to a state of pain at a later date. Maybe because of the falling currency or because of a terrorist attack. Maybe because of finding out that someone doesn’t love him or her anymore. Or they’ll get upset because they don’t get a reply to a message they sent, or they don’t earn enough money, or for literally any other reason you can think of. Suffering exists. We will always find a reason to suffer. Just accept it, and do your best to ignore it.
Not everyone can be happy. Can everyone be happy? Yes, sure! But only in theory. In practice, only those who have disciplined their minds can be consistently happy, calm, balanced, and benevolent. Only those whose minds are trained and capable of not worrying about everything around them. Only those who manage to retain a sense of joy not only in agreeable circumstances but also in unpleasant situations. Otherwise, there’s an endless stream of events which will evoke only pain, irritation, and anxiety. And some situations are more serious than others. A person who reacts emotionally to every little incident can never be happy inside.
Joy means retaining a balance in your mind. If somebody had told me this five years ago, I would never have believed it. When you dream all day and night of finding your one true love, creating a family, a well-paid job, an opportunity to work for yourself, to travelk, you think that you know what joy is. At least, what your own joy is. Of course, you can’t always be satisfied with everything. Sometimes you suffer. And this is fine. The most important thing is that you know what to strive for. Looking at your dreams, you realize where your sense of enduring joy comes from. Joy is a state of complete peace of mind, which is achieved by overcoming the blind, automatic reactions of the mind to events. Practising a form of deep meditation is perhaps the only healthy way to discover and attain this state true maturity.
Know the importance of fruit and its physical effects. Fruit is not acidic, it’s alkaline. To divert into science for a second, all kinds of ripe fruit and vegetables have an alkaline reaction, helping to neutralise excess acid in your body. Things like meat, sugar, fat and dairy products have the opposite effect. Not many people know this — try googling it!
’’My body itself knows what is better for it’’ is one of the most insidious mind traps. An alcoholic’s body wants to drink; a smoker’s body dreams of a cigarette; our bodies are always hungry for chocolate and fries. How can the body know what is better? Our minds live by automatic responses that don’t let us make necessary changes; our bodies obey our habits and our chaotic impulses.
Food affects not only your body but also your mind. In the same way that alcohol significantly changes your consciousness, blunting it, certain kinds of food can have a similar effect, but it’s less pronounced and more unconscious. Food can slow down and refocus your thinking process. Moreover, it can weaken your control, your power of awareness, and your clarity of perception. A slightly ’’blurred’’ state of mind becomes a norm for you, so you forget what lightness and clarity actually mean. The most ’’clean’’ kinds of food are fresh fruit, vegetables, cereals, and that which is cooked with a minimum amount of oil, spices, and salt.
You need money only in order not to think about money. Money doesn’t solve the central question of humanity. It don’t make people happy. But the opportunity not to think about money, at least in everyday life, significantly releases energy for something else.
We have more similarities than differences. The value of personal uniqueness is greatly exaggerated. All the answers and solutions have already existed for a long time. In focusing on your own uniqueness, you don’t have the chance to push away your ego and perceive reality with all its real answers.
The best way to stop an addiction is not to have access to the thing your addicted to, at all. It’s impossible to drink one glass of wine if you’re an alcoholic. If you’re trying to quit smoking, you can’t still have a smoke from time to time. You’ll be constantly in a state of mental torture. You’ll go up and down. You’ll always have disruptions. This rule is immutable for all kinds of addiction.
You will never be fully prepared for change. We are never fully prepared for twists of fate or changes. There is always a strong ’’but...’’ and the temptation to postpone changes until a more favorable time. There is no point waiting for complete internal harmony. You just need to make a decision, relying on the thought that ’’it’s high time’’ to get things done.
Life is a book where the first chapters weren’t written by you. Sometimes even the subsequent chapters aren’t either. We’re composed of beliefs and we make up models of the world around us. And this world isn’t just abstract. It’s a concrete office, a house, a street — the places where we spend our life. It’s our friends, colleagues, parents, and the salespeople whom we meet every evening. It’s a news feed on social networks and so-called Facebook friends. We automatically absorb the opinions, positions, and viewpoints of other people. We imbibe them along with the air, regardless of whether we agree with them or not. And when we don’t agree, it’s also a moment of automatic denial. In childhood, this process was completely out of our control. The essence of your personality was forged by other people, and parental input (if it was ever there) wasn’t dominant in this. What and who you consider yourself to be and what you should be afraid to lose, according to some psychologists, is just a mosaic of your environment. There is nothing to lose. Isn’t that great news? At least in that case, you can redraw everything however you like.
A result is a bunch of attempts at something. It’s not a single well-aimed shot. And it’s certainly not just good fortune.
What helped you at one stage may one day prevent you from going on to the next stage. Sometimes it’s important to give up that which has helped you in the past. Here’s an example: rules for small businesses don’t work for huge corporations. It’s impossible to grow without giving up some of the rules, even if they helped you to grow up yesterday. This also applies to your personality, a person’s values, and their plans.
Outside of your comfort zone, there is a discomfort zone. And there’s no flowers and chocolates there. But you have to go there anyway if you want to achieve something.
There is no life without a purpose. The only question is whether you create these purposes yourself or leave it to your instincts to decide them for you.
Laziness doesn’t exist. There are unloved activities, there’s such a thing as a lack of energy and a lack of wide vision and ability to be excited about new perspectives. But there is no such thing as laziness.
You can’t find yourself; you can only create yourself. There is nothing and nobody to look for. You’re always here, in the here and now. Your path is what you have under your feet right now, nothing more — it’s not anywhere else. You can only distinguish between the right path and the wrong one by using your awareness. You pave small, but definite goals. If these goals are determined by others, or if they chaotically grow as a result of duty, it’s not your path. It’s just a bunch of separate episodes of your life.
You don’t need alcohol. At all.
Your unrealized potential will hurt you one day. It’s useless to hide this fact and instead stick inside your comfort zone. As they say, you are responsible for the talent that has been entrusted to you.
Banks should pay you, but not vice versa. This is the only possible way to be financially healthy. Never, never, never buy anything that you haven’t earned enough to pay for. Never. Especially if you want something big. We pay banks not only our money but also our energy. As a result, you don’t have the energy to take that risk and make adventurous plans. Breaking out from such a situation once that decision is taken is hardly going to be possible.
You need to learn how to work under pressure, and how to relax. Every movement requires exertion. If you make this move reluctantly and out of necessity, you’ll spend twice as much energy. In this case, you spend some energy on the physical and mental effort, and the mental stress saps the rest of your energy. That’s why you need to learn how to deal with stress when it appears and how to love it. If you сan put yourself under strain voluntarily, considering it only something positive, you’ll expend much less energy. The second part of success is the ability to relax, to accept things as they are, to let go of your expectations. You can’t move on if you only know how to be stressed, but don’t know how to relax.
’’Yes’’ and ’’no’’ are two answers that you need to learn as soon as possible.Learn how to say ’’yes’’ to situations and people in spite of the absence of guarantees, internal readiness, and changing circumstances. Learn how to say ’’no’’ first of all to yourself: to your weaknesses, your fears, and your selfishness. And only much later, learn how to say ’’no’’ to others.
There’s a difference between great things and good things. The latter you forget about, the former you don’t. A truly creative person is different from someone who simply does his job well. Creators put their tasks above themselves, dissolving their egos in the process. They work consciously and with love, not because of a sense of duty or a lack of choice. A marketer can be a true musician while a proper musician can be just a mediocre craftsman for their entire life.
Every sign that you meet on your way through life can be interpreted in at least three different ways. 1. Maybe this is a real sign! 2. Perhaps there are no signs at all. 3. Maybe this is a test. Maybe fate just attempted to knock you out of your stride by testing the sincerity of your intentions and your decisions.
SARVEPALLI GOPAL (Third Impression 2008) JAWAHARLAL NEHRU – A BIOGRAPHY
Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the great political figures of the century and one of the most difficult for the biographers to portray. For modern India, only Mahatma Gandhi is more elusive to the biographer grasp. When viewing the mountain, one perspective at a time is the best one can do and so with the biography of Nehru. Sarvepalli Gopal is a historian of note and so is his biography. The first sentence of chapter 1 provides the clue: The broad details of the early life of Jawaharlal Nehru are by now well known”. In fact, they are not well known except to those who have read a great deal. Even to the specialist this presentation of Jawaharlal Nehru’s life from birth to the harrow, Cambridge and inns of court years, marriage and Indira – appears not so much like a skillfully directed movie or a master novel as like a photograph album of casual if accurate insights. The person presented by S. Gopal is a historical boy and man. We must look elsewhere for details about Jawaharlal’s troubled marriage, his sister’s opinion about him, the curious situation of his having an abundance of admirers and colleges and yet a paucity of close friends, and, of course, his special affection for Indira.
Prof. Gopal’s biography does give us a tremendous amount of new information, especially from the Nehru letters to which he had access. In many cases, Prof. Gopal now lets us in on the secrets. As a good historian with excellent access in India and Great Britain, he has tracked down the minutiae of details in the archives; he has interviewed Lord Mountbatten and other former rulers in India, and he has examined the private letters and archives of Nehru’s colleagues. It is to be regretted that the thirty-year-rule of British archives prevented the author from consulting directly the papers of 1946-47 that only now are being made available.
The first volume up to 1947 covers an important segment of the Indian nationalist movement. For me, the most impressive and informative chapters are those (Ch.: 5 to 15) that narrate in such an excellent way Nehru’s political work in Uttar Pradesh, and his ascendency with Gandhi’s support to the highest level of leadership in All India National Congress. Much of this material is fresh and adds a new dimension to an understanding of Jawaharlal’s ‘greetings’ in politics. The chapters (Ch. 16 to 22) deals with World War II as it related to India – the various political crises, up to the transfer of power and independence. Here one finds the historian turning historian, and forgetting or under stressing his biographical subject.
Several strands of analysis running through this book fail to convince. One is Nehru as Marxian socialist. There is not much a proof that Nehru read Marx or understood it. He was intellectually against the oppression of the poor but he couldn’t be called a socialist in the ‘scientific sense’.
He was convinced that science was essential to modernize India, but his grip on scientific theory and its applied use in Indian setting was based more on faith than on knowledge. Nehru was in many ways a technocrat, not a scientist, in his approach to physical and economic planning. The writer has correctly displayed minor faults of Nehru such as grand displays of temper, impossible princely behavior in political discussion and fails to nail Nehru on important errors in judgments like failing to realize the demand of Muslim league for Pakistan.
To that end, the book succeeds, and uninitiated readers are provided with a background of the Indian independence movement and post-independent India along Nehru’s political. Perhaps no other Indian leader symbolized and affirmed the pluralism of post-independent India more than Jawaharlal Nehru did. It is not surprising, then, that the book gives a fascinating account of Nehru’s commitment to secularism, to the nurturing of democracy and toward the establishment of diversity and a pluralistic setup in India’s political structure and institutions.
Many interesting incidents and anecdotes fill the book, such as that of the first national elections of 1952 when, as crowds cheered Nehru during his campaigns with “Pandit Nehru Zindabad” (Long live Nehru), he would urge them to say “Naya Hindustan Zindabad Kaye” (Long live the new India). Or of how his threats to resign both from the party and from the premiership of the country could quieten the entire opposition. Another point is drawn out by the author and unknown to most readers is the unfair criticism that Nehru has faced for having propagated dynastic rule. This was never so, and the writer goes on to tell us how Nehru never groomed his daughter Indira (later to be the Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi) and often remarked “I am not trying to start a dynasty. I am not capable of ruling from the grave.” Indeed, he was succeeded by another highly admired politician, Lal Bahadur Shastri. Indira’s advent into the echelons of power was to occur later.
“My legacy to India,” Nehru had said, “is hopefully 400 million people capable of governing themselves.” Four decades after Nehru’s death, Indians have learned the habits of democracy well. As the recent election in India where the ruling party was routed out of power has shown, the people and the politicians have learned well the lessons on the power of the vote and the mandate of the people. He has written a meticulous historical biography and is to be looked upon for any information on Nehru’s work.